Yoga Rahasyam

Chapter 2


Success in Yoga

1. Listen carefully. I will tell you in brief of the obstructions which appear when the Yogis see Alma, the Self.

When the Kriyanwita seeker sees the Self between the eyebrows during the practice of Yonimudra, the negative forces bring a lot of temptations to distract the attention of the seeker from being inward. The temptations increasingly become subtler.]

2 - 4. At that time, the Yogi's heart develops keen interest in the following

1. desired actions (kamya karma),
2. rightful human actions (manusyochita karma),
3. "wife," or outward attention (stri/stree),
4. results of donations (danafal),
5. knowledge (bidya),
6. illusion (maya),
7. wealth (dhana),
8. deityhood (devattva),
9. heaven (swarga),
10. empire of heaven (swarga rajya),
I 1. different chemicals (bibidha rasayana),
12. performance of rituals (jagya),
13. funeral ceremonies (sraddha karma),
14. vows (vrata),
15. pilgrimages (tirtha darsan), and
16. entering into water (jala) and fire (agni).

5. The Yogi should interestedly develop detachment to all the above if his mind has developed attachment to them. There is no other means left to become free from the obstructions until the mind is merged in Brahma, the ultimate Self.

6. The qualities (saliva, rajasa, and tamasa, respectively, righteous, active and inactive qualities) reappear in the heart of a Yogi when the above-mentioned obstructions are removed.

7. There are many obstructions to Yoga practice; some of them are as follows:

1. the means of reflection (prativasika),
2. the means of hearing (sravana),
3. yogic powers (daiva),
4. confusion (vrama), and
5. openings, crevices or gaps in the body or mind (avarta).

Apart from these, many small obstructions become strong and big; they occupy the heart of a Yogi.

8. Prativasika, or reflective means of knowledge, is that which reveals the meanings of the Vedas, poetry, scriptures (smriti), logic and arts in the heart of a Yogi.

[Understanding of the meaning is an obstruction to eternal Realization. One has to transcend meanings and concepts to attain eternal Tranquility.]

9. Sravana is defined as a means by which one receives the knowledge of all the sounds of the world and by which distant sounds are heard (the state of clairaudience).

[The Yogi needs to transcend sound through the inner Sound to achieve the state of Asabda, "Soundlessness," which in reality is the truth, the ultimate Self.]

10. The wise say that the yogic powers are daiva (received from the devatas) by which one can become equal with the devatus, gods, and see the eightfold yogic powers.

[The eightfold yogic powers are upasarga, obstructions to achieving eternal Tranquility; they create tremendous temptations for the Yogi.]

11. Confusion, Vrama, is that understanding by which the Yogi, being of restless heart, travels in space and has fallen from the path of righteous spirit.

[By the practice of Talabya Kriya, or Khecharimudra, the Yogi can receive the power of traveling in space; he is supposed to preserve the energy gained from the practice for realizing the ultimate Self and must not travel in space unsanctioned by the Lord Himself. Unsanctioned use of power, in other words, the use of yogic powers being tempted by selfish interest, is a very great obstruction to realizing the Self.]

12. When the urge for knowledge causes the mind to be restless like a water source, it is called avarta obstruction.

[The urge for having realization leads one to develop desire for a result; consequently, the expectation for results ends in attachment, which is a big obstruction for achieving realization.]

13. Most Yogis born with a sattvik-a quality background fall prey to these great harmful obstructions and end in Yogavrasta, "fallen from the path of Yoga," and are trapped into the cycle of coming in and going out from the world.

14. Therefore, the Yogis should merge their minds with the ultimate Self and think about Brahtw, the supreme Being, wrapping the mind with the white (purified) blanket.

15. The Yogi who is merged in the ultimate Self is a man who eats less. He is self-restrained. He holds dharana and the seven rhythms of consciousness always at the thousand petals at the head.

16. Considering the earth to be Atma, the Self, the Yogi who holds the earth in his dharana is able to be happy and becomes free from worldly bondage.

17. Thus, the Yogi should renounce outward attention and attachment and hold attention inwardly, continuing to cherish subtle taste (rasa) in water, to see forms (rupa) in fire, to sense touch (sparsa) in the air and to hear sound (sabda) in the sky, or edier.

18. The Yogi should enter into the minds of all beings through the Mind and be produced in the subtle form of Mind holding onto mental dharana.

19. After entering into the intellect of all beings and being poised in the subtle form of buddhi, the Yogi should renounce that buddhi.

[It is required to renounce Knowledge in order to achieve Sthirattva, eternal Tranquility, eternal Realization.]

20. Oh dear King Alarka! The Yogi who has renounced, having realized the above-mentioned sevenfold means of obstruction, never reincwnates.

21. Knowing the subtleties of these seven dharanas, the Self-realized Yogi achieves success, or attains these powers, only to renounce them again and again, thereby attaining the state of highest Realization.

[It is absolutely necessary to renounce the yogic powers. In other words, the Yogi has to overcome the temptation of using them for individual gain and comfort.]

22. Oh dear lord of the land (King)! Destruction comes to one regardless of the being he is interested in ufilizing and attached to.

[Attachment is a real obstruction to achieving inner Realization.]

23. The Yogi who observes the characteristics of those attached to one another in a subtle, reciprocal way, and who is then able to renounce such attachment, can attain the highest state of Consciousness.

24. Oh dear lord of the earth (King)! The righteous seeker who has realized these seven subtle ways and who has developed detachment from beings achieves Liberation.

25. Oh dear King! If one who is about to merge in Oneness with the ultimate Self is attached deeply to the enjoyment of smelling, then he has to reincarnate again.

26. & 27. Ruler of men! When the Yogi overcomes these seven attractions, he can be merged in Oneness with whom he concentrates on at will; he can be merged with the body of devata (god), asura (anti-god), gandharva (celestial singer), uraga (being Naga, the semidivine serpents with a human face), or rakshasa (anti-devata).

28 & 29. Oh dear greatest of men! He acquires asta gunas, "the eightfold qualities." [The eightfold qualities are described in the following three verses.]

30. 1 .anima, "the state by which one can be as small as one wants."
2. laghima, "the state by which one acquires strength to move fast."
3. mahima, "the state by which one is admired everywhere."
4. prapti, "the power by which one can achieve everything."

31. 5. prakamya, "the state by which one becomes all-pervading."
6. isittva, "the state by which one becomes lord of all beings."
7. basittva, "the state by which one can control everybody."

These are known as the seven qualities of a Yogi.

32. 8. Kamabasaittva, "the state by which one can stay wherever and in whichever manner one wants at will."

In fact, by the help of these qualities, the Yogi is able to perform works like Iswara, "the creator."

33 & 34. Dear King! Know that in those in whom these qualities are revealed the time of liberation is near.

He is free from birth, growth, and destruction. He has neither decay nor any other indispositions or changes.

He is not separated from other beings, and thus he does not receive discrimination from them, he need not receive warmth from them and he is not subject to withering because of them.

35. He remains detached from rasa, "taste," and rupa, "forms," or visions." He has no connections with sound and objects; he enjoys all these, but he maintains no connections with them.

He is free from the influence of birth, decay, death, sentiments, wants pleasure and pain.

36 & 37. Oh dear King! As a piece of gold is merged in oneness with another piece after it has been purified by melting, similarly, the Yogi merges into Oneness with the ultimate Self when the limitations (attachment, hatred, etc.) are burnt through the fire of Yoga. There is separateness no more. In other words, there is no dualism.

38 & 39. Oh dear King! The flame of a stick merges with the bonfire when tossed into it. It is no longer a separate flame. Similarly, the Yogi who burns his limitations merges into Oneness with the ultimate Self and no longer has a sense of separateness.

40. As water mixes with water to combine perfectly, so the self of the Yogi merges into the ultimate Self in Oneness to achieve Samata, the state of "Oneness," or "Tranquility."

Домой Индуизм Глава 1 Глава 3